Mars Express First Check-out Nearly Complete
As the European Space Agency's Mars Express spacecraft speeds toward the Red Planet, everything is set for arrival at Mars on the night of 25 December 2003. In the weeks since its 2 June launch, engineers have started
to thoroughly test the spacecraft and its equipment.
Artist's conception of Mars Express releasing the Beagle-2 lander.
This testing phase is standard for all spacecraft on the way to their destination. Known as commissioning, it began three weeks after launch. During this time, ground controllers sent signals to each of the orbiter's
seven instruments to switch them on and verify their health status. (One of the instruments, ASPERA-3, is funded by NASA as a Discovery Mission of Opportunity.)
Ground controllers are also testing each of the spacecraft's subsystems. There was a tense moment when one of the on-board computer memory units, known as the Solid State Mass Memory (SSMM), seemed to not respond properly
during the instrument's check-out. Good progress has been made on this issue in the last few days, and a test involving all instruments was completed successfully by recording and recovering the data through the SSMM.
Unfortunately, during the commissioning of the power subsystem, ground engineers recorded an interconnection problem between the solar arrays and the power conditioning unit on board the spacecraft. This means approximately
70% of the power generated by the solar arrays is available for the satellite and its payload to use. This anomaly has no effect on the state of the spacecraft and has no impact on the mission during the whole 400-kilometer
trip to Mars, including the orbit insertion phase once at destination.
The experts analyzing the anomaly believe that even with this power shortage, the nominal Mars observation mission will be achievable. However, satellite payload operations may have to be reviewed for certain short
periods of the mission. Ground engineers are now preparing for the last of the payload's tests: the Beagle-2 lander will undergo its check-out on 4-5 July 2003. The experts are looking confidently to it. "Overall,"
says Rudolf Schmidt, Mars Express Project Manager, "the spacecraft is in good shape. We are simply getting to know its personality."
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